These other criteria of social categorization, especially ethnicity and race, could be analyzed, but in general they were considered as "inheritance" or diachronic presences of the past. For their part, those who interpreted social processes in terms of modernization thought that these India Phone Number List ascribed categories would dissolve to the extent that merit and achievement displaced origin as the most important anchor for defining social opportunities. What were these other categories of inequalities that, besides social class, deserved some attention? On the one hand, the ethnic and racial composition of the population and the insertion of non-white groups in the lowest India Phone Number List positions of the social structure, and the European (especially Mediterranean) immigration origin of the working class.
The attention to ethnic and India Phone Number List racial dimensions had antecedents in the social thinkers of the region, such as José Carlos Mariátegui in Peru and Gilberto Freyre in Brazil. Gender issues and the subordinate place of women in the patriarchal structure, however, were more novel, with little or no tradition in India Phone Number List Latin American social thought, although female thinkers and activists progressively problematized them throughout the entire century. century. In that period, inequalities at the international level were interpreted in terms of relations India Phone Number List between the center and the periphery.
Capitalist development in Latin America was "peripheral" and the basic objective was to understand its challenges, originally in the thinking of Raúl Prebisch and the Economic India Phone Number List Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). They would then be interpreted in terms of "dependency"6. Understanding inequalities in the perspective of the world system7it was still in the distant future. This line continues in our multi-scalar intertwined approach, in which patterns of inequality combine processes at different India Phone Number List levels, from the local to the global.